Madagascar, officially the Republic of Madagascar, is an island nation in the Indian Ocean off the south-eastern coast of Africa and is the fourth-largest country island in the world. Madagascar is home to 5% of the world's plant and animal species, of which more than 80% are endemic to Madagascar. They include the lemur, the carnivorous fossa, three bird families and six baobab species, among others.


The Malagasy economy has traditionally been based on the cultivation of paddy rice, coffee, vanilla and cloves. Agriculture, including fishing and forestry, is a mainstay of the economy, accounting for more than one-fourth of GDP and employing 80% of the population. However, despite a wealth of natural resources and a tourism industry driven by its unique environment, the country remains one of the world's poorest and heavily dependent on foreign aid. Since gaining independence from France in 1960, Madagascar has experienced repeated political instability, including coups, violent unrest and disputed elections. After discarding socialist economic policies in the mid-1990s, Madagascar followed a World Bank- and IMF-led policy of privatization and liberalization that has been undermined since its most recent coup in February 2009 which led to five years of political deadlock, international condemnation and economic sanctions. Despite the return of democratic elections in 2013, the political situation remains fragile. Deforestation and soil erosion, aggravated by the use of firewood as the primary source of fuel, remain serious concerns for Madagascar.

For further information please contact us:

123 Matters
Employee litigation advice volunteer programme run by US government, Madagascar

Employee litigation - Madagascar

We advised a federal executive department of the U.S. government on employee litigation under a volunteer program run by the United States... More

Environmental Permitting advice for offshore exploration , Madagascar

Environmental permitting advice - Madagascar

We advised a British multinational consultancy, engineering and project management company on the environmental permitting process overview... More

Environmental OHADA survey

Environmental OHADA survey

We conducted an environmental survey entitled "Acquiring or selling business: key considerations relating to environmental law" in Benin,... More

Access to free legal advice for NGOs on Disaster Risk Reduction laws

Advice on disaster risk reduction laws - OHADA countries

We advised a global charity working in partnership with the world's leading law firms, on the provision of free access to legal advice for... More

Harvesting, processing, transportation, and exportation of plants species, distilled essential oils & plant products.

Advice on harvesting, processing, transportation and exportation of plant species in Madagascar

We provided a legal opinion on the requirements in respect of harvesting, processing, transportation, and exportation of plant species and... More

Employment law & employee labour court claim advice

Employment law and employee labour court claim - Madagascar

We advised an international telecoms equipment manufacturer regarding a claim by an employee before the labour court and we advised on... More

Assisting global logistics company across 3 jurisdictions

Employees’ redundancy across 3 jurisdictions

We advised a global logistics company on the redundancy of its employees in Burkina Faso, Guinea and Madagascar. We also acted for the same... More

Settlement agreement negotiation after branch closure

Employee settlement agreement – Madagascar

We advised a specialist insurance provider on the negotiation of a settlement agreement with its employees following the closure of their... More

Contract employee termination negotiation, Madagascar

Termination of employment contract – Madagascar

We advised a Malagasy solar energy equipment supplier on negotiating the termination of employment contracts in Madagascar and assisted the... More

Voluntary redundancy advice for environmental organisation

Voluntary redundancy advice

We advised an international non-governmental organization in the field of wilderness preservation and reduction of humanity's footprint on... More

Facilitating large-scale corporate operations across Africa

Telecoms regulatory advice across multiple French-speaking African countries

We advised an American equipment manufacturer service provider, interested in installations and operations in Burkina Faso, Gabon, Niger,... More

Actionable advice for your high-tech company

Radio spectrum licensing

We provided advice on spectrum frequency licensing, allocation, and assignment to an American social networking business in Cameroon, Ivory... More